Universidad Carlos III de Madrid - UC3M

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Cátedra Jean Monnet UC3M Departamento Economía

Asignaturas: Economía de los Recursos Naturales Economía de la Integración Europea / Economics of European Integration Moneda Única y Unión Europea
  • Geographical specialisation in Spanish agriculture before and after integration in the European Union.

    Mora, R., & San Juan, C. (2004) Regional Science and Urban Economics, 34(3), 309-320. ISSN 0166-0462

    Publicado el 28 June 2017
    This paper analyzes the evolution of agricultural product specialisation at the farm and county levels in Spain from 1979 to 1997. This period covers all the stages of the gradual implementation of the Common Agricultural Policy and the integration of the Spanish agriculture into the European Market. A multiple product version of Theil and Finizza’s indices of segregation is used to decompose farm product specialisation into county specialisation with respect to the national level and farm specialisation within counties. Using a probit specification, we test whether changes in specialisation are driven by comparative advantage at regional level or have been policy induced. Our results confirm the existence of increasing county specialisation and highlight the fact that counties which were initially more specialised in export-oriented products have shown the largest increase in specialisation. D 2003 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved. JEL classification: C43; Q12; Q18; R32 Keywords: Spatial product specialisation; Comparative advantage; Common Agricultural Policy

  • Valores de igualdad de género y especialización: Diferencias entre las regiones de la UE / Values of gender equality and specialization: Differences between EU regions

    Autores: Eduardo Quispe Salazar y Carlos San Juan Mesonada. 2017. Economía Agraria y Recursos Naturales. ISSN: 1578-0732. e-ISSN: 2174-7350. Vol. 17.1 pp. 59-78

    Publicado el 21 June 2017

    ABSTRACT: We empirically contrast the Boserup hypothesis for the regions of the European Union. We relate the dominant productive orientation in each region (plough, hoe, animal) with indicators of gender equality: female participation in management positions, in primary education, in higher education, in the labor market and the average hourly wage. Using a Probit model we find that, consistently with the hypothesis, there is a negative relationship between indicators and plough agriculture. Additionally, we prove that livestock-oriented regions also generate less egalitarian gender values than hoe-oriented regions.

    KEYWORDS: Equality, gender, values.

    JEL Classification: D03, J16, J70, N30.

    DOI: 10.7201/earn.2017.01.03.

    RESUMEN: Contrastamos empíricamente la hipótesis Boserup para las regiones de la Unión Europea. Relacionamos la orientación productiva agraria dominante en cada región (arado, azada y ganadería) con indicadores de igualdad de género, como la participación femenina en cargos directivos, en estudios primarios, en estudios superiores, en el mercado laboral y el salario medio por hora. Usando un modelo Probit encontramos que, consistentemente con la hipótesis, existe una relación negativa entre los indicadores y la agricultura de arado. Adicionalmente, probamos que las regiones orientadas a la ganadería también generan valores de género menos igualitarios que las regiones orientadas a la agricultura de azada.

  • Non-price competitiveness factors and export performance: The case of Spain in the context of the Euro area

    Ramon Xifré. FUNCAS SIFO. mayo 2017

    Publicado el 5 June 2017

    Empirical evidence suggests that internal non-price/cost factors dominate over strictly price/cost elements in determining the external competitiveness of the five largest EA economies, including Spain. Thus, internal devaluation policies are likely to have only a limited impact on restoring competitiveness compared to those aimed at strengthening capitalization and providing the right incentives for exporters.

    Furthermore, Spanish exporters’ survival rates shows that, while early-stage survival is difficult, new trade relationships make a significant contribution to aggregate export growth over time. The large degree of heterogeneity across successful export relationships in Spain should be a key consideration at the time of designing export promotion policies.

  • Economía Urbana

    Autor: Roberto Camagni. Editorial Antoni Bosch. Barcelona. 2004

    Publicado el 10 May 2017
    Lectura complementaria para el curso en español de Economía Regional y Urbana.

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