Universidad Carlos III de Madrid - UC3M


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Cátedra Jean Monnet. Departamento Economía. Universidad Carlos III de Madrid.

Cátedra Jean Monnet ad personam. Departamento Economía.

Catedrático europeo Jean Monnet: Dr. Carlos San Juan Mesonada

Asignaturas:

Economía de la Integración Europea / Economics of European Integration

Economía Española y Europea

  • Systematic review of meta-analyses to assess the impacts of farming practices - A methodological framework

    by Makowski D., Bosco S., Chen M., Montero-Castaño A., Pérez-Soba M., Schievano A., Terres J-M (2021)

    Publicado el 4 March 2024
    Identifying sustainable agricultural practices to support policy development requires a rigorous synthesis of scientific evidence based on experiments carried out around the world. In agricultural science, meta-analyses (MAs) are now commonly used to assess the impact of farming practices on a variety of outcomes, including crop and livestock productions, biodiversity, greenhouse gas emissions, nitrate leaching, soil organic carbon, based on a large number of experimental data. MA has become a gold standard method for quantitative research synthesis, and the growing number of MAs available can potentially be used to inform decisions of policy makers. However, published MAs are heterogeneous both in content and quality and a framework is needed to help scientists to report the results and quality levels of MAs in a rigorous and transparent manner. Such a framework must be implementable quickly - within weeks - to be operational and compatible with the time constraints of modern policymaking processes. In this paper, we propose a methodological framework for assessing the impacts of farming practices based on a systematic review of published MAs. The framework includes four main steps: (1) literature search of existing MAs, (2) screening and selection of MAs, (3) data extraction and quality assessment, and (4) reporting. Three types of reports are generated from the extracted data: individual reports summarizing the contents of each MA (MA summary reports), reports summarizing each of the impacts of a given farming practice on a specific environmental, climate mitigation, or production outcome (single-impact reports), and reports summarizing all the impacts of a given farming practice on all the outcomes considered (general report). All these reports present the quality levels of the MAs examined based on 16 quality criteria. The proposed framework is semi-automatic in the sense that the skeletons of the reports are generated automatically from the spreadsheet used for the data extraction and quality assessment. This semi-automatic procedure allows scientific experts to reduce the time needed in the reporting step. Since 2020, the proposed framework was successfully applied by a group of scientific experts to support the decisions of EU policymakers and examine a large diversity of single farming practices (e.g. nitrification inhibitors, biochar, liming) and cropping systems (e.g. organic systems, agroforestry) in a relatively short period of time. It provides an operational tool for scientists who want to supply policymakers with scientific evidence based on large numbers of experiments, in a timely and reproducible manner.

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    Publicado el 29 February 2024
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  • EFECTO DE LA SUBVENCIÓN DEL PLAN MOVES III EN LA CUOTA DE MERCADO DE LOS VEHÍCULOS ETIQUETA 0

    ÁLVARO SOCCIARELLI OLEA 2023. Tutor CARLOS SAN JUAN MESONADA

    Publicado el 26 January 2024

    La electromovilidad es un término que está cada vez más presente a nivel mundial debido a la necesidad de reducir las emisiones contaminantes por parte de los turismos, en este caso. En concreto, el gobierno español ha implementado una subvención a los vehículos electrificados que tienen etiqueta 0. Con esta ayuda se promueve la adquisición de estos vehículos con el objetivo de que aumenten su proporción en el parque automovilístico y la sustitución de éstos por los tradicionales de combustión a través del achatarramiento permitiendo obtener una ayuda económica mayor. La reducción de la diferencia del precio con respecto a los tradicionales es el mecanismo elegido y, aun así, los conductores siguen teniendo preferencia hacia estos últimos. Durante los años de vigencia hasta el momento, no se ha logrado un crecimiento significativo en la cuota de mercado de los vehículos de etiqueta 0 con respecto a los años previos a esta política, es decir, la política está siendo ineficaz.

    Palabras clave: electromovilidad, subvención, precio, cuota de mercado, ineficaz.

    ABSTRACT Electromobility is a term that is increasingly present worldwide due to the need to reduce pollutant emissions from passenger cars, in this case. Specifically, the Spanish government has implemented a subsidy for electrified vehicles that have a 0 label. This aid promotes the acquisition of these vehicles with the aim of increasing their proportion in the vehicle fleet and replacing them with combustion vehicles by scrapping them, allowing greater economic aid to be obtained. The reduction of the price difference compared to traditional vehicles is the mechanism chosen, and even so, drivers continue to have a preference for the latter. During the years so far, there has been no significant growth in the market share of zero-label vehicles compared to the years prior to this policy, that is. the policy is proving ineffective.

    Key words: electromobility, subsidy, price, market share, ineffective.


  • Análisis de convergencia en la UE-12: el impacto de los fondos estructurales

    Elena Tello Peña, Tutor Carlos San Juan Mesonada Getafe, 1 de febrero de 2021

    Publicado el 16 January 2024
    Los Fondos Estructurales y de Inversión Europeos (ESIF ) conforman una herramienta político-económica a nivel supranacional de suma importancia dentro de la Unión Europea (UE). Estos fondos tienen como propósito tratar de disminuir las desigualdades existentes dentro del territorio de la Unión, como se dispone en el artículo 174 del Tratado de Funcionamiento de la Unión Europea. Como integrantes clave de la política de carácter regional de la UE, éstos contribuyen a la creación de un marco de inversión integral, habiendo colaborado en los objetivos definidos por la iniciativa Europa 2020, que pretendía fomentar el desarrollo sostenible y un crecimiento económico integrador en toda el área de la comunidad.



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